F331 - Chemistry for life - Module 2 - (DF) Developing Fuels - Organic chemistry: alkanes, structural isomers

Syllabus


Organic functional groups

(m) recall that crude oil consists of a mixture of compounds, mainly hydrocarbons (compounds of hydrogen and carbon only) that can be separated by fractional distillation;

(n) recognise members of the following homologous series: alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, arenes, alcohols, ethers;

(o) explain and use the terms: aliphatic, aromatic, saturated and unsaturated;

(p) use systematic nomenclature to name, and interpret the names of, alkanes and alcohols;

Organic reactions

(q) describe and write balanced equations for the combustion (oxidation) of alkanes and alcohols;

Isomerism

(r) draw and interpret structural formulae (full, shortened and skeletal)

(s) use the concept of repulsion of areas of electron density to deduce the bond angles in organic molecules (including double bonds) (no treatment of small deviation of angle due to lone pair repulsion required)

relate molecular shape to structural formulae and use wedges and dotted lines to represent 3D shape

(t) explain and use the term isomerism and recognise and draw structural isomers