10. Organic chemistry - 10.4 Hydroxy compounds

Content

I - Alcohols (exemplified by ethanol)

II - Phenol

Learning outcomes

Candidates should be able to:

(a) recall the chemistry of alcohols, exemplified by ethanol:

(b) classifying alcohols

(c) deduce the presence of a CH3CH(OH)– group in an alcohol from its reaction with alkaline aqueous iodine to form tri-iodomethane

(d) recall the chemistry of phenol, as exemplified by the following reactions:

(e) explain the relative acidities of water, phenol and ethanol