9. Inorganic chemistry - 9.6 Nitrogen and sulfur

Content

I Nitrogen

II Sulfur

Learning outcomes

Candidates should be able to:

(a) explain the lack of reactivity of nitrogen

(b) describe:

(c) describe the Haber process for the manufacture of ammonia from its elements, giving essential operating conditions, and interpret these conditions (qualitatively) in terms of the principles of kinetics and equilibria (see also Sections 7 and 8)

(d) understand the industrial importance of ammonia and nitrogen compounds derived from ammonia

(e) understand the environmental consequences of the uncontrolled use of nitrate fertilisers

(f) understand and explain the occurrence, and catalytic removal, of oxides of nitrogen

(g) explain why atmospheric oxides of nitrogen are pollutants, including their catalytic role in the oxidation of atmospheric sulfur dioxide

(h) describe the formation of atmospheric sulfur dioxide from the combustion of sulfur contaminated carbonaceous fuels

(i) state the role of sulfur dioxide in the formation of acid rain and describe the main environmental consequences of acid rain

(j) state the main details of the Contact process for sulfuric acid production

(k) understand the industrial importance of sulfuric acid

(l) describe the use of sulfur dioxide in food preservation