11. Applications of chemistry - 11.3 Design and materials

Candidates will not be expected to recall specific examples, but to use and explain material given in the question paper.

Content

I - Medicinal chemistry and drug delivery

II - Properties of polymers

III - Nanotechnology

IV - Environment and energy

Learning outcomes

Candidates should be able to use the concepts and knowledge from the core syllabus and sections 11.1 and 11.2 to:

(a) discuss the challenges of drug design and explain in simple terms how molecules may be identified and developed to overcome these problems

(b) discuss the challenges of drug delivery and explain in simple terms how materials may be developed to overcome these problems

(c) discuss the properties and structure of polymers based on their methods of formation (addition or condensation, link to core syllabus, section 10.8)

(d) discuss how the presence of side-chains and intermolecular forces affect the properties of polymeric materials (for example, spider silk)

(e) show awareness of nanotechnology and, given information and data, be able to discuss the chemistry involved with reference to the core syllabus

(f) discuss how a knowledge of chemistry can be used to overcome environmental problems (for example, ground water contamination, oil spillage, CFCs)

(g) discuss how a knowledge of chemistry can be used to extend the life of existing resources, to identify alternative resources and to improve the efficiency of energy production and use.